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About the Video Clip:

Video Clip Synopsis:
Actors talk about the Pram Factory collective and its processes. At communal meetings it helped to be tall, articulate and male.

1min 43sec

An Alternative Actors Collective is an excerpt from the film Pram Factory (55 mins), produced in 1994.

Pram Factory: In the early 1970s Melbourne was home to the Australian Performing Group, a theatre collective which quickly became a focal point for the intellectual, artistic and political life of the turbulent times. They were based in a building called the Pram Factory, now synonymous with the people and events that laid the groundwork for a renaissance in Australian culture.

Pram Factory is a Film Australia National Interest Program. Developed with the assistance of the Australian Film Commission.

Study Module

Curriculum Focus: SOSE/HSIE
Year: 9-10
Strand: Time, continuity and change
Theme: Gender & Work

Key Concepts

Power; Cultural influence; Collective; Feminism

Curriculum Applicability Notes

ACT:Time, continuity and change, High school band
NSW:History, Stage 5, Topic 6
NT:Social systems and structures — Time, continuity and change Band 5, SOC 5.1
Qld:History Years 9 and 10, Time, continuity and change Level 6, TCC6.1
SA:Time, continuity and change, Standard 5
Tas:Social responsibility — Understanding the past and creating preferred futures
Vic:History Level 6, 6.2
WA:Time, continuity and change — Early adolescence

Context / Background Information

The Australian Performing Group was a democratic theatrical collective operating out of a former pram factory.

Its prodigious output of original work, produced amid the sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll of Carlton and Melbourne University in the 1970s, revived and inspired Australian theatre.

The collective created a theatre in opposition to the script-based, director-dominated conservative norm. It was up-close, non-naturalistic and centred on the presence and skill of the performer. The shows were raw, rough, politcial, experimental, comical, and musical.

Much has been written about the contribution of the playwrights (Jack Hibberd, John Romeril, Barrie Oakley, David Williamson) to this cultural effusion. Less has been remembered about the performers. Max Gillies, Jane Clifton, Greig Pickhaver (H. G. Nelson), Evelyn Krape, Jack Charles, Sue Ingleton, Peter Cummins, Red Symons, John Duigan, Graeme Blundell, Bruce Spence and Jenny Kemp were among the many influential actors, musicians and directors who developed their talents at the Pram Factory.

The Pram Factory closed in 1980, having been a significant part of a rejuvenation of theatre in Australia. Many of its original members are leading theatre film and TV practitioners today.

Discussion Pointers

  1. What does the video clip show?
  2. The video clip describes the organisation as a ‘co-operative’. What is a co-operative?
  3. One of the interviewees provides a feminist interpretation of power as male-dominated. Why does she believe that power was in the hands of males?
  4. Another interviewee associates power with being articulate, male, and tall. What other characteristics might help people have power?
  5. What is your impression of this organization?

Suggested Classroom Activities

  1. The video clip presents a typical media representation of a section of society during a period of social change in the 1960s and 1970s. Is it a true and accurate representation? Interview as many different people from the time as possible about their experiences and recollections of the 1960s and 1970s. Was this a period of drugs, sex, rock and roll and protest? Collate and analyse the responses and prepare a report on: The 1960s and 1970s — Image and reality.

Modules That Use This Clip

English Year 9-10, SOSE/HSIE Year 9-10, The Arts Year 11-12